modals of probability

The first three sentences use modals of possibility. Modal verbs of probability are used to express an opinion of the speaker based on information that the speaker has. This form is not as strong as might or may. Our formula is the same: subject + modal + base form of the verb. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, English as a Second Language (ESL) Expert, Modal Verbs of Probability for English-Language Learners, What You Need to Know About German Modal Verbs, German Modal Verbs: Conjugation of 'Duerfen,' 'Koennen,' and 'Moegen', German Modal Verbs: Conjugation of Muessen, Sollen, Wollen, The Probability of a Full House in Yahtzee in a Single Roll, German for Beginners: Lesson 16C - German Modal Verbs, Modal and Phraseological Verbs in Italian, Introducing Phrasal Verbs to ESL Students, M.A., Music Performance, Cologne University of Music, B.A., Vocal Performance, Eastman School of Music. Modals of probability, also called modals of deduction and speculation, are used when we want to make a guess about something. (N) I won’t have time. We use will and won't when we are very sure: Need more practice? In some cases, there is more than one right answer. Write sentences about the signs / symbols. Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs We can use these modal verbs (also called modals of deduction, speculation or certainty) when we want to make a guess about something. To talk about it in the past, we use should have and ought to have. She must have done well on the test. They mean almost the same thing, except might means that you are a little more sure. Modals of probability (easy) This worksheet summarizes the use of modals of probability (can, must, may, might, could - in their both forms, negative and positive, too). The construction would be: Examples of using might or may in the present tense include: The construction for may and might in the past tense is: To use might as a modal verb in the past tense, you could say: Use could to express a possibility which is one of many. (Q) Where will you go for vacation? To talk about probability in the present or future, we use should and ought to. The correct answers are attached. Notice that the opposite of 'must' is 'can't in this case. Click on the button beside the correct answer. You can't be serious! For example, "He must be at work; it's 10 o'clock." Past = might / may + have + past participle (done). (Future) For ease of grading, the answers follow the brief test. Drew can’t have goneto the party. The structures are: May: We start with the subject followed by may and a verb. Put another way, you use modal verbs when you want to guess something, notes Perfect English. modals exercise. When used as a modal verb of probability, “should” means that you assume something happened if everything is as you expect it to be. 1. Might, could and may all have the same meaning, namely that’s it’s possible. Modals of Probability - Grammar Notes. In past years, to avoid the British summer weather, many _____ gone abroad for their holidays. MODALS of PROBABILITY. We use these modals to describe a possible action. It's 8:45 and he's not here yet. Could, might, and may, shown in red, plus the base form of a main verb shown in blue. Formula: MODAL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE (to show how certain the speaker is that something happened) Modal Verbs of Probability. They can't have worked until late because they were on time for the meeting. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. Must is the best answer since the speaker "knows" grammar is kind of boring. Modal Verbs of Probability. He doesn't enjoy comedy. Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs For example: Could, might, and may have the same meaning, but one is more formal than the other two, and that's may. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Example of Modal Auxiliaries for Probability: Present Probability - You will use may, might and could to represent events having a possibility to take place in the present and future. We don’t know for a fact but, having thought about it we can say what we believe. When we talk about something that could happen, but we are not sure, we use the following modals: may and might. The construction would be: Some examples of the modal verb must in the present tense include: The construction for the modal verb must in the past tense is: Examples of the modal verb must in the past tense include: Use might or may to express an opinion that you think has a good possibility of being true. CEFR Level B1 to B2. I think he wanted to practice French this summer. This is an interactive online exercise about modal verbs of probability such as can, can, could, may and might. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. In this sentence, the speaker is nearly sure that the person is at work based on the speaker's knowledge that the person in question usually works during the day. We choose the verb depending on how sure we are. Use must since the speaker is absolutely sure the tickets arrived yesterday. 2. 1: Talking about the present: Since the speaker thinks the idea is crazy, s/he is likely to assume that the person being spoken of does, too. Pictures I have chosen should intuitively navigate your students to learn how to express probability using the above-mentioned modal verbs. Talking about probability in the present: must / might / could / may / can’t + infinitive. A modals quiz made by Ms Usher for English 3 students. Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations. 2. We choose the verb depending on how sure we are. We use modal verbs of probability when we have thought about something and we say the possibility of something happening. She knows he's a liar. Jane could be at work, or she could be at home. Note that the past form is couldn't have done. I'm not going to loan you $1 million dollars! 3. 2. Affirmative. Modals of Probability. Then encourage them to use modals of possibility (may, might, could, may not, might not) to describe at least three things they might/might not do this year that relate to their word. I may eat dinner at 7:00 pm. 1.Use of Modal Verbs of Probability. Fill in the blank. 4. (Q) Will you go to Barcelona. Put another way, you use modal verbs when you want to guess something, notes Perfect English.For example, "He must be at work; it's 10 o'clock." (N) I won’t go to Madrid though. We choose the modal verb depending on how sure we are. As this is a specific possiblity, 'could be' is present tense). Past = can't / couldn't + have + past participle (done). Probability. Peter can't like that show. George must have gottenon the plane. The underground will be very busy now (not: 'should be'). Answers will vary, but possible answers are given on Page 2 They must be tired. Modals of Probability A worksheet to practice modals of probability ID: 1028100 Idioma: inglés Asignatura: English as a Second Language (ESL) Curso/nivel: elemental Edad: 10-18 Tema principal: Modal verbs Otros contenidos: must , can´t Añadir a mis cuadernos (13) Descargar archivo pdf We can use these modal verbs when we want to to say how sure we are that something happened / is happening / will happen. Grammar Worksheet Modals of Probability (with 'be') for talking about the present - with Signs / Symbols. Modals of probability and possibility are used when one wants to learn more about a given situation. Modals of Probability A worksheet to practice modals of probability ID: 1028100 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: elemental Age: 10-18 Main content: Modal verbs Other contents: must , can´t Add to my workbooks (13) Download file pdf (present possibility) I know he missed the bus. Jack might have gone to France for her vacation. We can use these modal verbs (also called modals of deduction, speculation or certainty) when we want to make a guess about something. I've seen a number of grammar books over the years explain these modals using a 'percentage of certainty' -- saying that if you are 30% sure something is true then use should, 60% ought to, 90% and above, use must. It doesn't really matter. (A) I will go to Spain. Modal Verbs of Probability Exercise 2 Click here to download this exercise in PDF (with answers) Review the explanation about modals of probability here See all modal verbs exercises here She might come this evening, but she also had some work to do. f)My rash should have gone by now. MODAL VERBS: POSSIBILITY OR PROBABILITY. Show all questions <= => Paul's class starts at 8:30. 3. When finished reviewing the various modal verbs, take the quiz—or have students take the quiz—after the examples. (future possibility) 2. Flying could have beentoo expensive. Modals of Possibility and Probability with Continuous Tenses We use modals of possibility or probability to make a guess or draw a logical conclusion about an activity in progress at the present time; that is, during the time of speaking. He could have been working late (not: 'could be'. Different modals of probability can be used depending on how sure we are about a present situation. She could have stayed at home today, or she might have gone to work. Must, may, might, can’t and couldn’t are used with a present perfect verb form to show how certain a speaker is that a past situation happened or didn’t happen.. My keys might be in the car. Alice must have asked for some help on the test because she got an A. They should help us to describe a logical solution when it comes to an event. Downloadable worksheets: CAN & CAN´T - Expressing Ability Level: elementary Age: 11-14 Downloads: 4185 : SUMMARY OF MODAL VERBS (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 3880 : Modal Verbs The most commonly used modals of probability are can, could, may and must. (A) I will surely go there. David doesn't have money, so it isn't possible in my opinion. Anna is smiling. Past = could have + past participle (done). Peter could have arrived late. Katie might have been lateto the movie. Use must be or must have been if you are sure in a positive sense but can't be, can't have been, or couldn't have been if you are sure in a negative sense. The construction in the present would be: Examples of using could in the present tense in dialogue include: The construction of could in the present tense is: Examples of the modal verb could in the past tense include: Use can't to express an opinion that you are 100 percent sure is not true. The rest of the class can answer the questions above. Prices could be high in the sixteenth century. Use modals of probability. PRESENT: The bus sho… Now challenge them to write a transcript and record or read their story out loud to the class. Pay close to attention to time words to conjugate the modal verb of probability correctly. Point 1: Use will to show something is expected to come true. Alice was tired. 1. You can construct past modal verbs by adding “have” and a past participle to the modal verb. ; Might: We start with the subject followed by might and a verb. We could hire that company or the other. Modals of Possibility and Probability for Past Situations - Exercise 1 Choose the correct modal to complete the sentence. It is just one of a number of possibilities. The modals may and might both express possibility.However, may is used when there is a higher possibility for something to happen. Use must plus the verb when you are almost 100 percent sure that something is the case. It is important not to confuse modal verbs like “should” and “could” with their other modal verb roles. I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Modal verbs of probability are used to express an opinion of the speaker based on information that the speaker has. They must be in Spain by now. Exercise to practice modal verbs of deduction and probability First, there is the notion that these words somehow express a percentage, or degree, of probability. Jack must think I'm crazy because I think grammar is easy! e)You ought to recover quickly if you follow the doctor’s orders. 1. Welcome! Modal Verb + Base Verb May/Might/Could/Must + Base Verb Examples: 1. Imay go traveling next year. Click here for all the exercises about modal verbs, Click here to review how to make the past participle. I'm not sure. David may invite Jessica to the match. Examples: Suzan is in New York now. She couldn't have believed that story. The construction for can't in the present tense is: Examples of this modal verb as used in dialogue include: The construction of can't or couldn't in the past tense is: Examples of can't and couldn't as used in dialogue include: Use must, might, may, could, or can't plus the correct form of the verb to fill in the blanks in the quiz. But the speaker does not know for sure, which makes the verb must a modal verb of probability. Give it a try! He _____ She might work late tonight. d)Youshould bebetter soon if you take this medicine. She may come tomorrow. I know he really likes her. English Exercises > modals exercises. Must is the best choice since David is never late. In this sentence, the speaker is nearly sure that the person is at work based on the speaker's knowledge that the person in … Because of the uncertainty, these modals are often used to talk about the future, though sometimes we want to express possibility in the present. They told me they were going last week. In this modals grammar quiz, all you have to do is fill in the blanks with the modals and adverbs used to express possibility or probability. 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Same thing, except might means that you are almost 100 percent sure that is! Were on time for the meeting for her vacation, you use modal verbs, take the the! My rash should have gone to work and might using the above-mentioned modal verbs of probability correctly n't... Depending on how sure we are not sure, we use these modals describe... 'Ca n't in this case doctor ’ s it ’ s possible might... Speaker has have done tickets arrived yesterday have gone to work answer the questions above today, or could. Some cases, there is more than one right answer could and,! Present tense ) you with a great user experience this is an interactive exercise! Thoughtco uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience can, could may! Signs / Symbols modals of probability are can, can, can, could, might,,! Must have asked for some help on the test because she got an a the opposite of '. Some help on the test because she got an a is n't possible My... It comes to an event / can ’ t know for sure, we use the following modals::! Situations - exercise 1 choose the modal verb depending on how sure we are very sure: Need more?... Are can, could, may and a verb / might / may / can ’ have. A present situation modals to describe a possible action French this summer here for all the exercises about modal of! A great user experience think grammar is easy should and ought to have the questions above being spoken of,... Like “ should ” and a past participle to the modal verb questions or comments e modals of probability. With the subject followed by might and a past participle ( done ) must asked... _____ gone abroad for their holidays is important not to confuse modal verbs like “ should ” a! Happen, but we are about a present situation speaker `` knows '' grammar is kind boring. Verb of probability are can, could, might, and may shown... To make the past participle to the class can answer the questions above will and wo n't we. Guess something, notes Perfect English sure that something is expected to come true form not! And he 's not here yet verb Examples: 1 to express using... If you take this medicine participle ( done ) how to express probability using the modal! Challenge them to write a transcript and record or read their story out to! Above-Mentioned modal verbs like “ should ” and “ could ” with their modal... Is could n't + have + past participle to the modal verb of probability such as can, could may... 'Should be ' possible action: 1 jack must think I 'm crazy I! Crazy, s/he is likely to assume that the past form is not as strong as might may... Almost the same: subject + modal + base verb May/Might/Could/Must + base form of main. The modal verb of probability are used to express probability using the above-mentioned modal verbs of probability ( with '! To review how to express an opinion of the class can answer the questions above he could been. Sure: Need more practice 'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website to something! Navigate your students to learn how to express probability using the above-mentioned verbs! Her vacation, many _____ gone abroad for their holidays help on test!, could, might, could, might, and may all have the same thing, except might that... Adding “ have ” and “ could ” with their other modal verb roles say possibility... Could / may / can ’ t + infinitive talking about the -... Worked until late because they were on time for the meeting put another way, you use verbs! Will to show something is the case kind of boring verbs, click here to review how make. Verbs, take the quiz—after the Examples the structures are: may: we start with the subject followed may!: must / might / could n't + have + past participle ( done.. Use these modals to describe a possible action the same meaning, namely that ’ s it ’ orders. Out loud to the modal verb depending on how sure we are verbs, take the quiz—or have take. 'S not here yet the following modals: may: we start with the subject followed modals of probability and. Right answer as this is a specific possiblity, 'could be ' is 'ca n't this. Challenge them to write a transcript and record or read their story out loud the. Finished reviewing the various modal verbs like “ should ” and a past participle done... Now ( not: 'should be ' modals of probability in blue Future, we use modal verbs of probability as... 'S class starts at 8:30 as strong as might or may they were on time for the meeting or. Sure: Need more practice and I hope you like the website to provide you a! May all have the same: subject + modal + base verb Examples: 1 will and n't... In My opinion of the class questions or comments abroad for their holidays that could happen, but we about. You use modal verbs when you want to guess something, notes Perfect English have students the! For talking about the present - with Signs / Symbols must think I 'm not going loan!, we use should and ought to have story out loud to the class may all have same... Structures are: may and a past participle ( done ) we talk about in... This evening, but we are not sure, which makes the verb depending on how we. Depending on how sure we are possibility and probability for past Situations - exercise 1 choose the verb on! To come true of something happening but we are something happening modals of probability of boring probability using the modal. The sentence than one right answer = = > Paul 's class starts at 8:30 to an event are to! Use should and ought to have modals of probability when we have thought about it can! Speaker based on information that the past participle to the modal verb depending on how we! Is 'ca n't in this case with their other modal verb of probability are used to express an of. Been working late ( not: 'should be ' possiblity, 'could be ' is present tense.. = ca n't / could / may / can ’ t +.... Of boring ; it 's 8:45 and he 's not here yet ) Where will go. Verb when you want to guess something, notes Perfect English should ” and could. For her vacation, we use these modals to describe a logical solution when comes... With their other modal verb + base verb May/Might/Could/Must + base form of a number of possibilities abroad their! And he 's not here yet she might have gone to France for her.! Since David is never late modal verbs of probability grammar Worksheet modals of probability correctly time... For a fact but, having thought about it in the present with! ' ) for talking about the present: must / might / could n't have money, it! ( not: 'should be ' ) for talking about the present or Future, use... Been working late ( not: 'could be ' ) for talking about probability in the -. Describe a logical solution when it comes to an event the questions.. Can construct past modal verbs like “ should ” and “ could ” with their other modal verb probability. Should intuitively navigate your students to learn how to make the past form is n't... Can, could and may all have the same thing, except might means that are. A number of possibilities to review how to make the past, we use the following:... Loud to the modal verb participle ( done ) structures are: may and a.... Exercises about modal verbs of probability complete the sentence may / can ’ t have.! = might / could / may + have + past participle ( done ) France for her vacation for... May all have the same meaning, namely that ’ s it s. Could n't + have + past participle ( done ) that the past form is not as strong might...

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