karakul sheep characteristics

Its purposes are to provide a recording service, to work towards a high standard of quality in the Karakuls and to promote and thereby preserve the breed in the U.S. The head is medium-sized with a bulging forehead and medium-sized ears. PO Box 477, 33 Hillsboro St, Pittsboro, NC 27312, College of Agricultural Sciences & Natural Resources, College of Human & Environmental Sciences, Ag Education, Communications & Leadership, Master of International Agriculture Degree Program. As a fat-tailed breed, they have a distinctive meat. Sheep, ( Ovis aries ), species of domesticated ruminant (cud-chewing) mammal, raised for its meat, milk, and wool. In the early 19 th century Karakul sheep farming spread in many countries like Afghanistan, United States of America, Turkey, Russia, Namibia, Botswana and South Africa. We see a great variation in the size of the tail among individual sheep. It is easily spun, with little preparation. Characteristics. The Karakul produces a lightweight, high-volume, strong fiber fleece that, at its best is long and lustrous, usually with no crimp. Fleeces weigh five to ten pounds and have a staple length of six to twelve inches. characteristics. Many adult Karakul are double-coated; in this case, people separate the coarse guard hair from the undercoat. [4] Dark colors are dominant and lambs often darken in color as they age. The Karakul sheep are medium-sized animals. The sheep are active grazers and browsers and have long lop ears. particularity attributed the lamb pelts of Karakul type 2, 13, 14, 17. The wool of the adult Karakul (a very strong fiber) was felted or spun into fabric for garments, footwear, carpets, and yurts, among other uses. This is partially due to its multiple uses: fur, fleece, and meat, along with the qualities of hardiness and adaptability. It got its name from the village of Karakul in West They are of the fat broadtailed type of sheep. Characteristics of the breed are a compact body with a straight back and slightly pendulous belly which is covered with wool. Karakul Sheep breeders listing & info The Karakul originated on the high desert plains east of the Caspian Sea and was the traditional source of lambskin and wool for Persian carpets. Karakul is relatively coarse fiber used for outer garment, carpets and for felting. [6] The pelts have also been used in haute couture. The harsh conditions under which they evolved has given them strong and lasting teeth, a key to their longevity. It is hardy and adaptable and can thrive in different climatic conditions in a difficult environment. In flocks with predominantly Karakul breeding, 43% of Karakul lambs were slaughtered for pelt production. Karakul or Qaraqul (named after Qorako‘l, a city in Bukhara Province in Uzbekistan) is a breed of domestic sheep which originated in Central Asia. They are resistant to internal parasites and foot rot. Many adults have a double coat, a fine down undercoat, covered by a coat of guard hair. Karakul Sheep Characteristics. It has a dominant black gene, so a very high percentage of these sheep are born black. They can survive severe drought conditions because of a special quality they have, storing fat in their tails. Large flocks are still to be found outside the U.S. especially in Central Asia and South Africa. The narrow appendage below this fat sack is often recurved, giving an S shape. The grown sheep are medium-sized; their wool is a mixture of coarse and fine fibres, varying in colour from black to shades of tan and grey. Copyright © 1995-2015 Oklahoma State University Board of Regents. The colour of the Karakul sheep is mainly black or grey. Considered long-stapled (average 6" to 12" per year), the fleece lacks a high grease content. [2] They are currently listed as endangered.[2]. Characteristics of the Karakul. Sometimes the terms for newborn lambs' and fetal lambs' pelts are used interchangeably. NOTE: The form can also be used for Comments, Suggestions, and Corrections. Fetal karakul lambs are harvested through miscarriages, induced early delivery or by killing the mother sheep and removing the fetus. Please provide a description of this breed as well As a fat-tailed breed, they have a distinctive meat. In its native region the colors are called by the following names; Arabi (black), Guligas (pink-roan), Kambar (brown), Shirazi (grey) and Sur (agouti). Ewes are generally hornless. Some archaeological evidence points to Karakul sheep being raised there continuously since 1400 BC. [7][8] An Astrakhan collar has been used on women's suits[9] and on expensive overcoats. King George V had a beaver-lined overcoat with an astrakhan collar that was later worn by his son, the Duke of Windsor. With a growing interest in the fiber arts in the United States, there has been an increased interest in the Karakul sheep. As an organization it has evolved from the Karakul Fur Sheep Registry founded in the 1930's and is now recognized as the national registry for the breed. Karakuls are medium-size sheep. A hard life imparted to the breed a hardiness and ability to thrive under adverse conditions, which is distinctive of the Karakul sheep to this day. Scottish Blackface Sheep Characteristics. The Karakul has some unique qualities. Fifty-seven pure and first cross ewes ranging from 10 months to nearly 11 years of age were slaughtered after periods of grazing and barn feeding. Although the Karakul is primarily intended for the production of pelts or wool, it has other useful characteristics. Swakara was coined as a brand name by the Karakul farmers of the then South West Africa, now Namibia, and South Africa, as their Karakul sheep had specific characteristics that those from other parts of the world did not have. It is the wool from which the art of felting evolved. 301.8(a) ‘Broadtail Lamb’ may be used to describe the skin of the prematurely born, stillborn, or very young lamb of the Karakul breed of sheep or top-cross breed of such sheep, having flat light-weight fur with a moire pattern. Karakuls were introduced.to the U.S. between 1908 and 1929 for pelt production. The Karakul is considered a rare breed in the U.S. and most likely will remain so; current population is estimated at 1300 animals. --> They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. While these animals are not for sale, arrangements can be made to purchase offspring from these sheep. Karakul breed is a multi-purpose breed that is raised for milk, meat, wool, and pelts. The Karakuls posses a strong flocking instinct and can be run either on open range or in fenced pastures. It produces a superior carpet yam, is often used for rugs and saddle blankets, outer garments and wall-hangings, and has an excellent felting ability. The head is long and narrow, slightly indented between the eyes and often exhibiting a Roman type nose. They were also a source of milk, meat, tallow, and wool, a strong fiber that was felted into fabric or woven into carpeting. Though used primarily for the production of wool, Karakuls are multipurpose sheep with many valuable characteristics. The purpose of this study was to assess the overall productivity of Karakul sheep and their crosses with local mutton breeds for producing both pelts and lambs for meat. [3] The newborn lambs have a tight, curly pattern of hair. Archeological evidence indicates the existence of the Persian lambskin as early as 1400 B.C. Perhaps more goat-like than ordinary sheep, they are real survivors. [Sheep Breeds || Breeds of Livestock || Animal Science Home Page || Comment ]. The Karakul has some unique qualities. Jeff Black's report, Karakul Sheep in the United States and Canada , calls them beautiful and stately animals, aesthetically pleasing and a classic example of … The sheep are aggressive grazers and browsers, useful wherever pastures need improvement. Despite competition which makes them the [5] People use the lamb pelts to create various clothing items, such as the Astrakhan or karakul hat. The Karakul sheep is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated sheep breed in the world and originates from Bukhara region in Uzbekistan, Central Asia (Bravenboer, 2007). Karakuls breed out of season, making it possible for three lamb crops in two years. The legs are medium to long, and light in bone. Breeds of Livestock, Department of Animal Science. The Karakul is native to Central Asia and is named after a village called Karakul which lies in the valley of the Amu Darja River in the former emirate of Bokhara, West Turkestan. and carvings of a distinct Karakul type have been found on ancient Babylonian temples. The Sheep: Pictures were chosen to reflect certain bloodlines, unique characteristics, and breed diversity. Rams can be polled or horned; horns vary from short to large outwardly curved spirals. The Karakul is distinguished by its colored fleece, which is due to a dominate black gene. They do not herd well; they are likely to scatter or fight a dog trying to herd them. The sheep is usually stockier than its relative the goat (genus Capra ); its horns, when present, are more divergent; it has scent glands in its face and hind feet; and the males lack the beards of goats. Karakul Sheep raised mainly for meat, milk, wool, and pelts.The breed is originated in Central Asia.The breed is famous for thriving in the extreme living conditions and survive in the drought conditions.One of the fat-tailed breed, which stores fat in the tail.. Karakul Sheep breed information. In their large tail is stored fat, a source of nourishment, similar in function to the camel's hump. of the Karakul breed of sheep or top-cross breed of such sheep, having hair formed in knuckled curls. We are currently looking for high resolution pictures of any of the breeds. Ewes with undesirable fur are marketed for meat but there is a certain amount of prejudice against this meat; hence the present study. The Karakul sheep is a type of fat-tailed sheep, very common to the African and Asian continents, but considered a rare breed in the US and Canada. Table 121 Performance characteristics of karakul flocks in different provinces Province Performance Characteristics Average STD CV Balkh Lambing Rate 85.22 9.26 10.87 Weaning Rate 65.22 8.78 13.47 Pelting Rate (Good Forage Year) 34.00 28.71 84.43 Pelting Rate (Bad Forage Year) 56.00 8.79 15.70 Pelting Rate 2001 39.44 23.68 60.04 Characteristics: Karakul sheep are a multi-purpose breed, kept for milking, meat, pelts, and wool. Karakul Sheep | Ark of Taste Nomination Form These sheep also were a source of milk, meat, tallow, and fiber. Karakul sheep are kept primarily for lambskinfur production. Newborn karakul sheep pelts are called karakul (also spelled caracul), swakara (portmanteau of South West Africa Karakul), astrakhan (Russian and French), Persian lamb, agnello di Persia, (Italian), krimmer (Russian) and garaköli bagana (Turkmen). Length of six to twelve inches rams will weigh between 175-225 pounds and the range... 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