sparta or athens

Men even serviced the army after the age of 60 years. Sparta had a powerful army and Athens knew that they could not beat them but they had the power of a naval unit which Sparta didn’t have. In Athens, the government was corrupt, slaves were attacked and raped, and women weren’t even allowed to leave their homes. Less freedom and status with more focus on household work, More freedom and status even receiving physical training similar to that of men. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge.Sparta, a town near the river Evrotas, is located in the center of t… Family ties in Athens were stronger and women were legally the dependents of their husbands or their father. Athens. Web. Athens is also considered a pioneer in modern infrastructural development as a large number of temples and buildings signifying beauty and sophisticated architecture was built over some time. Participation in government is a civic responsibility, Athens. Sparta and Athens Sparta The distinctiveness of Sparta. They understood the importance of such growth and concentrated on them besides on military strength. The respective alliances of Sparta and Athens during the Peloponnesian war, reflected their spheres of geographic and military dominance. So all the states that didn’t like Athens pretty much asked Sparta to help them out. Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. The slaves were treated badly by the Spartans even killing them on occasions. These very distinct provinces were that of Sparta and Athens.Sparta was focused on having a perfect military, whereas Athens made it a point to have a perfect government for their people. A+. Sparta was the principal enemy of Athens during the Peloponnesian War (between 431 and 404 BCE), from which it emerged victorious. The war, known as the Peloponnesian War, raged for 27 years between the Athenian realm and the Peloponnesian coalition commanded by the Spartans. Generate leads, increase sales and drive traffic to your blog or website. Each had their strengths and weaknesses and even shared some common patterns such as stable economies and defence architecture. In Sparta, women had rights that other Greek women did not have. Population & Map. The Shezarrine of this plain. Thanks! Athens is considered to have laid the structure and beginning of western civilization’s progress. Strong Navy. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democracy arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. User Info: bigboyhowdy2. ATHENS. "Sparta focused on military strength and being obedient." After conquering many kingdoms and warring with many communities, Sparta spread to a major empire around 400 BCE. Others were chosen by a method called ‘lot’ voting. The war ended in 404 BC with the defeat of Athens and its democracy. Athens were power hungry and made subjects of states under their control due to simply being bigger and better, and also the huge influence of an anti-Persian alliance known as the Delian League that Athens formed. The most important imports were metals. Prominent among the states that never experienced tyranny was Sparta, a fact remarked on even in antiquity. Also a Mediterranean climate, but with more rain. my teacher was so impressed. Jun 2006 309 Virginia, United States Jun 25, 2006 #6 First, this is a childish thread. Due to soil erosion and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. Sparta: Athens: Spartan life was simple. From outside the city. It could be said that some even loved battle itself. Democratic Values. Athens and Sparta were undeniably the two greatest cities in Ancient Greece, yet the method by which they ruled and governed their people varied greatly. < >, "Athens focused on freedom, art, and worshiping the goddess of wisdom, Athena." In the Greek-Persian battles, Athens partnered with Sparta to defeat the Persians driving them out. The main occupation was agriculture and people did not possess a forward-looking outlook nor devoted significant time to the intellect, ideas and philosophy.Sparta at one stage defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). This conflict, the Peloponnesian War, essentially was a 28-year period of on and off civil war among Greek city-states. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. 7 Jan 2021. Diffen.com. What the two communities had in common was that they were both thinkers. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Sparta was known for its military might and prowess, as well as its equality. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. Their economy was mainly based on agriculture. Their ideals, principles, and the way they tackle challenges are so contrasting it created animosity between them. Sparta was the Dorian Greek military state, considered as the protector of Greece as it was providing large army to Greece for many years. This was an area close by to the markets and social centre of Athens, the “agora”. They worshiped their gods and respected people. Unlike Sparta, in Athens, boys were not forced to join the army. Most of the present-day western current traditions are attributed to these two regions.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'askanydifference_com-box-3','ezslot_4',148,'0','0'])); Though Athens and Sparta were quite similar in certain aspects such as close territorial proximity and defense goals; however, both of them also had their own distinct set of values and customs. The decisive Battle of Leuctra in 371 BCE ended the Spartan hegemony , although the city-state maintained its political independence until the … On the other hand, Athens wanted to take control of more and more land in Greece. Whether girl education was the norm in ancient times? Freemen: Aristocrats-middle (farmers)-thetes-slaves. Sparta was more equal, fair and just, as well as being strong and smart. The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens displayed such a wonderful architecture that even Spartans who once defeated Athens were amazed by the beauty of the region that though they captured the city they did not destroy the artifacts. when Athens conceded defeat to Sparta. The capital and largest city of Greece. Sparta was by far the greatest military power of it's time. At a very young age, the boys were compulsorily being made to take military education and become paid soldiers. Sparta was defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. Athens' Allies. Sparta Athens Men, women and children Trade in Ancient Greece Greek Mythology TRADE IN ANCIENT GREECE. The city lies at the southern end of the central Laconian plain, on the right bank of the Eurotas River. Athens. Sparta had an oligarchy form and had a classic military or autocratic rule. Athens has given birth to prominent creative and imaginative people in diverse fields such as mathematics, sciences, history etc. As a whole, the five Ephors had the power to overrule the Kings, but tended to keep to religious and militaristic duties. Athenian life was a creative wonderland. Spartans used to capture fellow Greeks and turn them into slaves. Athens hands down. The power in Athens was held by the people, and in Sparta there were two kings and 5 Ephors who made laws. During the Middle Ages, the city experienced decline and then recovery under the Byzantine Empire, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, as they benefitted from Italian trade. We've learned from on-the-ground experience about these terms specially the product comparisons. The title of the poll was who was better, and I said Athens. Delian League. Athens. What is the region in which the city is located? At time of Peloponnesian War 360,000-610,000, At time of Peloponnesian War 40,000-50,000, Mediterranean climate, but more dry with about 15 inches of rain per year. Neither in Athens nor Sparta. Athens and Sparta differed in their ideas of getting along with the rest of the Greek empires. Their infantry soldiers were said to have been among the most skilled and fearsome warriors of the ancient world. Slavery made this possible by freeing the young men from household and industrial duties and allowing them to focus on their military duties. Philosophers began to question the mythology. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece. Civilization, Commercial development and intelligence. Sparta led the Peloponnesian League which was an alliance of neighboring cities such as Elis, Tegea and Mantinea, and the League was also joined by Athens’ maritime rival – Corinth. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Sparta had a clear military advantage on land, but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea; neither side was able to seize and maintain the upper hand. Ask Any Difference >> Law >> Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table). Make quizzes, send them viral. After a long period of decline under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, Athens reemerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek state. Difference Between Athens and Sparta (With Table), https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=kdBvCwAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PT6&dq=Athens+and+Sparta&ots=OQscbD4Fjw&sig=KWO5FmPrjGT7irRoobP_QuPXmSI, Comparison Table Between Athens and Sparta (in Tabular Form), Main Differences Between Athens and Sparta, Difference Between Assertive and Aggressive (With Table), Difference Between Systolic and Diastolic (With Table), Difference Between McAfee LiveSafe and Total Protection (With Table), Difference Between HCPCS and CPT (With Table), Difference Between Catholic and Lutheran (With Table), Difference Between Articles of Confederation and Constitution (With Table), Difference Between Verbal and Non-Verbal Communication (With Table). Sparta, also known by its ancient name Lacedaemon in honor of their legendary founder, is often considered to have been the most dominant military presence in ancient Greece. The player would then be given a motive to either side with Sparta or Athens, or with neither to get the maximum financial reward. They could also own property by themselves. Truth of the world had to be explained by human reason and intellect . Women were able to receive an education, have property, and as girls were trained in group exercises and agility. and ended in 404 B.C.E. (Beckman, 2016, 116). Skyfire023 2 years ago #6. Sparta belonged to the Peloponnesian league and Athens belonged to the Delian League. Leader of the Delian League. Both sides experienced major victories and crushing defeats, and the war was frequently interrupted by periods of negotiated peace. What was the economy dependent on in ancient times? Nine chief magistrates who had to undergo annual elections, Kings who either died or were thrown out from kingship. User Info: JudoHedgehog. Diffen LLC, n.d. What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? Oct 14, 2018 @ 7:01pm Originally posted by cjwasright: I wish there was a faction "favor" system with its own perks and rewards attached to it. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. 5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50. The Spartan equivalent of the senate was its “gerousia”, while Ephors and the Kings would regularly attend the “apella” (general assembly) to develop and try to pass “rhetrai”, or motions and decrees. At present, Sparta is the administrative capital of the prefecture of Laconia. uQuiz.com is a free online quiz making tool. The difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens had a formal democratic arrangement and rooted in the philosophy of arts and learning, whereas Sparta had an organisation where a small group of people had control of the region with a military mindset. Approximately 140,000; Approximately 40,000 men were citizens; and slaves (about 40,000). UberCryxic. It had more equal roles for women in society, and contrary to popular belief they did not leave weak babies on the hillsides. On the other hand, the ruler of Athens is elected annually. Athens has found its name in Greek history for its undying wisdom and concentration on infrastructural development and Sparta for its military power. Their lifestyles and culture could not have been anymore different from one another. However, Athens and Sparta both went to Assembly where citizens could vote for laws and talk about fixing problems. Although Athens and Sparta have things in common they were more different than they were alike. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Athens and Sparta were two different political parties, Athens was a democracy, and Sparta was an oligarchy. Sparta. The Spartans emphasized only on expanding their power and gaining control over other kingdoms while the Athenians also grew infrastructure wise in ancient times. Athens took its name from the goddess Athena, the goddess of wisdom and knowledge. Sparta is also known by the name “Lacedaemon”. The one giving more purples. Edit or create new comparisons in your area of expertise. No more needs to be said. The junior allies undertook that the allies and enemies of Sparta would be their … Sparta was mainly an agricultural land because of its inland location. Some eighty years after the Trojan War, according to the traditional chronology, Dorian migration from the north took place and eventually led to the rise of classical Sparta — famous as a martial power, foe of the Persian Empire, and eventual conqueror of Athens. bigboyhowdy2 2 years ago #8. Neither its fun to play whatever side I feel like it atm. What was the status of women in ancient times? Sparta … The Peloponnesian War began in 431 B.C.C. Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. Each would take charge for about a month, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience. For example the lives of the Spartans revolved around war, preparing for war, educating their kids for war and conquering other countries during war. Created philosophers which literally mean lovers of wisdom. A few years ago we as a company were searching for various terms and wanted to know the differences between them. If you read this far, you should follow us: "Athens vs Sparta." User Info: Skyfire023. Sparta and Athens were the most powerful states of ancient Greece; they were also each others biggest rivals. Ever since then, we've been tearing up the trails and immersing ourselves in this wonderful hobby of writing about the differences and comparisons. Other purposes of the general assembly were to vote on and pass legislation and make civil decisions. Monarchy 2. Athens though did not have a significant military power but had a commendable naval warship which led to defeating the Persians in multiple wars emerging as a primary naval power in the region of Greece. Athens is the cults puppet. Instead "man was the measure of all things". In Sparta, men were mainly warriors; others were slaves. not as military based, and required military service was only two years for citizens. which ultimately led to their decline. As an Athenian, one could get a good education and could pursue several kinds of arts and sciences. Sparta is located in the southern region in Greece known as Laconia. Controlling, traditional, and conservative. Where they differed was that while the Spartans had militaristic values, Athenians were democratic. However, women from Sparta had more freedom compared to their counterparts in other cities. Land based army with no navy until the end of the Peloponnesian war. Though during ancient times, Athens and Sparta were fighting battles against each other, the situation changed slowly. Some like Xenophanes began to reject the old beliefs. Both Athens and Sparta ruled using some elements of democracy and a superficial observer may assert that Athens was the more democratic of the two. Athens had a Mediterranean climate with great amount of precipitation, whereas Sparta had fairly temperate but very dry climate. By 432 BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. Athens is considered to be an originator of literature, intellect, arts, architecture, and modern culture. Government frequently changes. How was the government based in ancient times? JudoHedgehog 2 years ago #7. Discipline and battles were at the forefront of the philosophy professed by Sparta. Also in a hilly area that provides natural defense. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around 1834. Though these are not very far away from each other, there … Report this Argument. #7. The process by which this was undertaken was by a simple shouting of ‘yes’ or ‘no’. This was also the time of Athens' fall, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the two empires. The wars fought by Sparta and Athens in the fifth century bc pitted one city-state with ancient Greece’s greatest army against one boasting her … Tradition relates that Sparta was founded by its first king, Lacedaemon, son of Zeus and Taygete, who named the city after his wife, the daughter of Eurotas, around 1000 BCE. These slaves used to help the Spartans complete their daily activities such as farming, labour etc. Athens had a form of democratic government. Young boys were trained to be warriors; young girls were trained to be mothers of warriors. Athens and Sparta were two of the largest City-States of Ancient Greece. The Athenian assembly, known as the “ekklesia”, sat to discuss political, militaristic and social matters and agendas in the pnyx. Athens vs. Sparta. They loved beauty, music, literature, drama, philosophy, politics, art, and sports. Athens has been a house to exceptionally talented writers, thinkers, philosophers such as Socrates, Democritus, Hippocrates, Pindar, Phidias, Plato, Aristotle to name a few. Sparta was content to keep to itself and provided army and assistance when necessary to other states. This is the site where we share everything we've learned. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. SPARTA. Landlocked. In Athens and Attica, there were at least 150,000 Athenians, around 50,000 aliens, and more than 100,000 slaves. Nah it’s the other way round. What was the most important aspect from a defence perspective? Historically, Athens treated women horribly, in fact they believed all women were possessed by demons. HuoLong. In Sparta women were stronger and they formed liaisons with men as they chose. Known in Greek as Sparti. Could not own land, but could run industries and businesses. On the other hand, Athens was a democracy, which meant “rule by the people” – “demos” (people, or the masses) and “kratis” (rule). Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Sparta has had two rulers in recent times, who ruled until they died. (A city-state was a city, such as Athens, and the surrounding country under its influence and protection; Athens and its surrounding area, known as Attica, was about the size of Rhode Island). Home of many ancient philosophers, historians, and authors. One of the two significant rivals of ancient Greece is Athens and Sparta. Spartan women were educated, allowed to own property/land, and were highly respected in politics (albeit had no final say). Athens and Sparta are the most well- known city-states of Ancient Greece. Athens and its allies, known as the Delian League, came into conflict with the Spartans and the Peloponnesian league, and in 431 BC a war broke out between the two cities - a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states. Five Ephors were elected annually, accompanied by two kings, who passed on the crowns to their chosen sons. <(=^.^=)>, this website is amazing, just finished a paper with cites and qoutes. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. Ask Any Difference is a website that is owned and operated by Indragni Solutions. Now I understand the difference between these two city-states. What was the most important focal point in ancient times. Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world. The spartan tradition was based on military prowess. 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